BSA0706 - ART206: Art History
August 1, 2011
The purpose of this research paper will be to briefly tell about some of the extraordinary women artist from the 1950’s to present. Team Louvre has chosen the following women artists: Audrey Flack, Helen Frankenthaler, Nancy Graves, and Alice Neel to share briefly their story as women artist. Audrey Flack was born in 1931 and is one of the founders of photorealism painting. During the Abstract Expressionist fifties, Audrey Flack suffered all the slings and arrows of being a female artist during times when female artists were viewed as little more than hobbyists. Flack believed that the continuous discovery of art was realty and artist should continue to use visual data. Flack also believed that art was the way people could express what was going on in the world and had a clear understanding of what was happening in the world (humanitiesweb, 2001). In the sixties, after the pop era, photo-realism began to rise to prominence and she caught the brass ring and stayed ahead of the game. Flack rose to the top of her field in painting and sculpting in a manner that has brought her respect from every segment of the art world and the real world (humanitiesweb, 2001). In several website, one of the "dirty little secrets" of the art world is the degree to which painters, especially painters of realism, use projected images to guarantee a portrait likeness or photographic verisimilitude. Photorealism painting has that wow factor in paintings that capture the minute detail of photographs, and in hyper realistic paintings, seem to capture more than a photograph (cyberpathway, n.d.). A typical Audrey Flack painting is World War II (Vanitas). Vanities was taken from the sixteenth and seventeenth century Dutch painting in which still life items are chosen and arranged to make the viewer contemplate the "vanities" and fleeting qualities of life leading ultimately to death (cyberpathway, n.d.). Flack's 1976-77 painting below is a vibrantly colored still life of elegant vermeil tea cups, saucers, serving dishes, and candlesticks, pearls, inviting candies, an heirloom pocket watch, a fragile but beautiful butterfly, lit candle, and rose, all arrayed upon a painted version of Margaret Bourke-White's famous, horrific photograph, The Living Dead of Buchenwald (cyberpathway, n.d.). [pic]
Helen Frankenthaler was an abstract painter, she was born December 12th 1928.She is a major contributor to the history of postwar American painting. Having exhibited her work in six decades she has spanned several generations of abstract painters. While continuing to produce vital and ever-changing new work. She began exhibiting her large scale abstract expressionist painting in contemporary museums and gathered in the early 1950’s. She was included in the1964 Post-Painterly, Abstraction exhibition created by Clement Greenberg that introduced a new generation of abstract painting that came to be known as Color Field. Born in New York City, she was influenced by Hans Hoffman, Jackson Pollock’s paintings and by Clement Greenberg. Her work has been the subject of several retrospective exhibitions, including in 1989 retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Her work has exhibited worldwide since the 1950’s. In 2001 she was awarded the National Medal of Arts. Frankenthaler has a home and studio in Danien, Connecticut. Frankenthaler comes from a Jewish family .She is the youngest daughter of Alfred Frankenthaler, who was a justice on the New York Supreme Court. Her nephew is the art/ photographer Clifford Ross. She studied at Dalton School under Rufino Tamayo and also at Bennington College in Vermont. She was later married to fellow artist Robert Motherwell (1915-1991), from 1958 until they divorced in 1971. Initially associated with abstract expressions, her career was launched in 1952 with the exhibitions of...
References: Alice neel. (2001). Retrieved July 31, 2001 from http://www..aliceneel.com/search/
Cyper Pathway’s Art World. (n.d.). Retrieved July 31, 2011, from http://www.cyberpathway.com/art/lane/flack1.htm
Lane, Jim. (2001, September 09). Audrey Flack Biography. Humanities Web. Retrieved from http://www.humanitiesweb.org/human.php?s=g&p=c&a=b&ID=332
Nancy Graves Foundation. (2008). Retrieved July 2011, 28, from The Collection - National Gallery of Art: http://www.nga.gov/cgi-bin/tbio?person=237290
Collections - Nancy Graves. (2011). Retrieved July 28, 2011, from National Gallery of Canada: http://www.gallery.ca/en/see/collections/artist.php?iartistid=2149
Welcome to the NATIONAL MUSEUM of WOMEN in the ARTS. (2011). Retrieved July 28, 2011, from NATIONAL MUSEUM OF WOMEN IN THE ARTS: http://www.nmwa.org/about/
Wilkins, D. G., Schultz, B., & Linduff, K. M. (2009). Art Past Art Present (6th ed.). Upper Saddler River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. .
Alison Rowley, Helen Frankenthaler; Painting history, writing painting.I.B. Tauris
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