Hausarbeit Englisch

Topics: Language acquisition, Second language acquisition, Linguistics Pages: 20 (5895 words) Published: December 6, 2014
Universität Koblenz-Landau
Campus Koblenz
Fachbereich 2: Philologie/ Kulturwissenschaften
Sommersemester 2012

Didactic Perspectives on Linguistics
Hausarbeit
Verfasser: Kristina Wagner
Dozent: Julian Sudhoff
Abgabe: 15. Oktober 2012
Wortzahl: 5635

Kristina Wagner
Kiefernweg 27
56075 Koblenz
Matrikelnummer: 209-210-214
Email: kwagner01@uni-koblenz.de

Contents
1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 3 2. Linguistic Theory ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.1 The Behaviorist Perspective ................................................................................................ 4 2.2 The Innatist Perspective....................................................................................................... 7 2.3 Cognitivist and Interactionist Perspectives.......................................................................... 9 2.4 Similarities and Differences Concerning the Three Theories............................................ 11 3. Didactic Reduction .................................................................................................................. 13 3.1 Criticism of Behaviorist and Innatist Perspectives ............................................................ 13 3.2 The Significance of Interactionism for Teaching .............................................................. 14 3.3 ICC and TBLL................................................................................................................... 15 4. Didactic Principles................................................................................................................... 16 5. Lesson Schedule ...................................................................................................................... 19 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................ 20

-2-

1. Introduction

Humankind has created a sensational phenomenon during its development: Language. All human beings acquire their mother tongue during the childhood and are able to learn even more languages, despite the fact that language is such a highly complicated phenomenon. Many people have been interested in the process of either first or second language acquisition, but the actual scientific research of language acquisition has not started before the middle of the 19th century.

In the following, I am going to present three different theories that were very influential concerning first as well as second language acquisition. After giving information about each individual perspective, I am going to compare them with each other and look for similarities and differences. In the next part I am going to start from a more didactic point of view by relating these linguistic theories to teaching methods in foreign language teaching. It becomes obvious that two of the different theories do not play a role in foreign language teaching any longer. Due to the fact that the interactionist theory, which is based on the cognitivist perspective, plays an important role in modern language teaching, I am especially focusing on the importance of interactionism in school. There are many didactic principles that can be related to the interactionist perspective, such as "Task-based Language Learning". I am going to talk about the purpose of task-based language learning and present the main goal of second language teaching, namely becoming intercultural. After that, I am going to introduce the learning group by giving some further information about their skills and learning behavior. Then I am going to illustrate the connection between my planned lesson and the whole unit it belongs to. Finally, I am going to discuss the different methods and social forms I...

Bibliography: Byram, Michael. 1999. Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative
Competence
Hall, Graham. 2011. Exploring English Language Teaching. Language in Action.
Hesse, Mechthild. 2009. Teenage Fiction in the Active English Classroom. Klett:
Stuttgart.
Hunston, Susan, and Oakey, David. 2010. Introducing Applied Linguistics. Concepts
and Skills
Lightbown, Patsy M., and Spada, Nina. 2006. "How Languages are Learned. Third
Edition
Ministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Weiterbildung Rheinland-Pfalz. 2000.
Müller-Hartmann, Andreas, and Schocker-von Ditfurth, Marita. 2009. Introduction to
English Language Teaching
Müller-Hartmann, Andreas, and Schocker-von Ditfurth, Marita. 2011. Task-Supported
Language Learning
Tarone, Elaine, and Swierzbin, Bonnie. 2009. Exploring Learner Language. Oxford
University Press: Oxford.
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