The Design Process
By Shane Lucitt
Contents 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Methodology 3.0 Inception 4.0 Feasibility 4.1 Overview of stage 4.2 Assessing the feasibility 4.3 Site investigation 4.4 Effects on design 5.0 Then brief 5.1 Overview of stage 5.2 What the brief should cover 5.3 What the brief should include 5.4 Consultants at this stage 6.0 The concept/outline proposals 6.1 Overview of stage 6.2 Requirements to proceed with concept design 6.3 Developing the brief into concept design 6.4 Planning permission 6.5 Building regulations approval 6.6 Achieved at this point 7.0 The design development 7.1 Overview of stage 7.2 Developing the design 7.3 Finalisation of design 7.4 Planning proposal 7.5 Building regulations 7.6 Sampling and testing 7.7 Health and Safety 7.8 Achieved at this stage 8.0 Technical design 8.1 Overview of stage 8.2 Implications on design 9.0 Production phase 9.1 Overview of stage 9.2 Design implications 10 Other construction projects
1.0 Introduction The aim of this report is to explain to the client how the design process for the proposed project is likely to progress. This report will explain the roles and responsibilities of those involved in the design process. Planning approval, the environment and the availability of materials can all have an effect on the final design. 2.0 Methodology This report is the result of detailed investigations using text books, internet and past project experience. 3.0 Inception This is there initial meeting with the client to determine there wants and needs. During this stage the architect will try to gather as much information as possible in order for them assess the feasibility of the project. With regards to the science block the following needs to be established: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Why is there a need for a new building? Why now? What type of science block is required? A detailed explanation of how a typical lesson/day would operate? What is the proposed timescale? Roughly what is the budget
All of these questions will need to be answered before the architect can assess the feasibility of the project. If, for example, the client said they wanted the building completed in 1 month, the architect will instantly know that this is not feasible and advise the client. 4.0 Feasibility The RIBA plan of works states the appraisal as being The ‘identification of client’s needs and objectives, business case and possible constraints on development. Preparation of feasibility studies and assessment options to enable the client to decide whether to proceed’. 3
4.1 Overview of stage This stage is therefore the stage where requirements are clarified and a strategy for action prepared. It is important at this stage that the architect and the client discuss and raise fundamental questions regarding the project. For example, whether or not there is a need for a new building in the first place or whether there might be an option of adapting or reorganising the existing building to suit the clients needs. At the architect will also discuss with the client the types of funding they have in place and the amount they intend on spending on the project. All of this information can be looked into and prepared by the client, however, it is beneficial to involve the architect at this stage as it will help to identify problems early on. At this stage the architect will: Assist client in defining their requirements. Provide a report of the cost implications Advise the client of an alternative project if the current one is not considered feasible.
The following are key to determining the feasibility of the project: Is it financially feasible? Is it technically feasible? Is it functionally feasible?
4.2 Assessing the feasibility There are a number of tasks that need to be carried out in order to determine the feasibility of the proposed project. The feasibility of the project can be determined by: In depth discussions with the client regarding their...
References: http://www.galinsky.com/buildings/schlumberger/index.htm http://www.architecture.com/
http://www.a4a.sk/RIBA-outline.htm As defined in RIBA Outline Plan of Work 2007:
F1 Preparation of detailed information for construction Application for statutory construction Application for statutory approvals* F2 Preparation of further information for construction required under the
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