Introduction to Sociology
Society is a complex structure that both creates and modifies itself continually. One area of society affects another directly or indirectly. The ideology of society influences decisions made on marriage, economics, love, freedom, politics, etc. Recognizing these different facets of life does not assist with the explanation of their existence, perpetuation, or evolution. What is needed to research these different aspects of life is a social science method that, using rigor and good practice, will address the core behaviours of the individuals involved in the interactions within a society. A sociologist seeks to make sense of the beliefs and values of the personalities interacting within the complex society that is continually being recreated. Karl Marx (Marxism)
Sociologist Karl Marx (1818-1883) believed that he could study society using a scientific method to try to predict social outcomes. His theory is called Marxist theory. For Marx, production is essential for the advancement of society. Associated with the creation of goods there will be, eventually, a few individuals that will control the majority of the resources and their means of production. The division of social class marks the place for conflict in Marx's theory. Owning the means of production elevates a person's class status while all other workers are forced to find a way to make money using their skills. Marx's Labour Theory of Value states that human productive power will be exploited in order to maximize profits for the bourgeois. Exploitation of the workers' (the proletariat) skills produces goods valued at more than the workers are being paid. This process reinforces that profit is made by a company, ultimately making the rich richer. This illustrates that money and economics are driving forces in our society. Understanding the enormous influence money has on our society is the key to understanding how any given society is organized. Marxism also focuses on the...
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