Mexican/American War 1846-1848
Between 1846-1848, two nations, the United States and Mexico went to war with each other. This was an important battle because it would transform a continent and would form new identities for all the people inhabiting the nations. The Mexican-American War was the first major conflict driven by the idea of “Manifest Destiny”; which is the belief that American had a God-given right, or destiny, to expand the country’s borders from ‘sea to shining sea.’ There were a few other driving forces for war and the outcome ended with a treaty. One cause of the war was the United States desire to expand all the way across to the Pacific Ocean. This caused conflicts with all of the U.S. neighbors such as the British in Canada/Oregon, the Mexicans and lastly the Native Americans.
Another one of the first causes of the war was that Mexico and the United States had a struggle over who would control Texas. American settlers began moving into Texas territory after the Revolutionary War and they started exploring the land west of the Appalachian Mountains. Once the Louisiana Purchase was passed it stretched the western boundaries of the United States more west. From gaining all of this new land Americans noticed that the Texas land was big and filled with resources but it was largely part of Mexico. In 1835, Texas declared itself independent from Mexico. Mexico was upset by this and told the Americans to leave Texas. Mexican general Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna decided that words were not enough to get his message across to America so he took action.
Mexico of course did not like the idea of its breakaway province becoming an American state. Texas, and now the United States, claimed the border at the Rio Grande River. Mexico claimed territory as far north as the Nueces River. Both nations sent troops to enforce the competing claims. On April 25, 1846, a clash occurred between Mexican and American troops on soil claimed by both countries....
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